Samurai Culture: Japanese Warriors
THE HISTORY OF SAMURAI
“Samurai” is members of a powerful military caste in early-modern Japan, roughly translated to mean “those who serve in close attendance to the nobility”.
In addition, they also as known as “bushi”, “buke”, “saburau”,… these are some general words for a warrior in Japan culture.
The samurai were trained as officers in military tactics and grand strategy by a clan and their lord that they were associated.
In a fight, if they are defeated they expected to die honourably rather than surrender.
To be more detail, Japanese soldiers made their suicidal attacks by antique samurai swords when they get no win.
However, samurai also would be disloyal to their lord when loyalty to the Emperor was seen to have the supremacy.
Minamoto Yoshitsune is the most famous samurai heroes in Japanese history, his clan gained to victory on Gempei War (1180-1185) – final struggle in Japan.
These are what items attached to a Samurai in early-modern Japan.
The first type of Samurai armours was known as “yoroi” which made from either iron or leather.
This armour used iron-plated was referred to as Tosei-gusoku. The helmet “kabuto” also was an important part of the samurai’s armour, for protection of the head and neck.
“Fundoshi” is the name of the garment worn under all of the armour, also known as a loincloth.
Early samurai were archers, their main weapons are longbows – called “yumi” in Japanese.
In addition, there are some weapons that they also used as curved blades (naginata), Japanese swords, Japanese spear (yari), Japanese matchlock (tanegashima) and cannons.
The katana and the wakizashi are the weapons which were banned from use by non-samurai.
In modern Japan, the Samurai culture still brings up positive factors to the Japanese culture.
The Japanese cultural activity associated with the samurai such as the tea ceremony, monochrome ink painting, rock gardens and poetry… still living until now.